Pinyon Pine Essential Oil (Pinus edulis)
Pinyon Pine may also be referred to as Colorado pinyon, doubleleaf pinyon, New Mexico pinyon, nut pine, Rocky Mountain pinyon, two-needled pinyon, nut pine, two-needle pinyon, pino edule, Arizona pinion pine. It is typically processed using steam or hydro distillation as a method for extracting oil from the needles and twigs.
Pinyon Pine Essential Oil, also known asPinion Pine Oil,andPiñon Pine Oil, is an especially fresh and aromatically pleasant pine oil.
The Pinyon Pine Tree is native to Mexico and the southwestern region of the United States.
- Aroma Description:
- Common Name(s): Colorado pinyon, doubleleaf pinyon, New Mexico pinyon, nut pine, Rocky Mountain pinyon, two-needled pinyon, nut pine, two-needle pinyon, pino edule, Arizona pinion pine
Synonyms(s) for Pinus edulis: Caryopitys edulis, Pinus cembroides subsp. edulis, Pinus cembroides var. edulis, Pinus monophylla var. edulis
- Botanical Family: Pinaceae
- Botanical Genus: Pinus
- Chemical Family: Esters, Monoterpenes
- Major Compounds: In reviewing the GC/MS reports of several reputable Pinyon Pine Oil suppliers, the oil contains approximately 80-90% monoterpenes, particularly a-pinine and b-pinene. It also contains approximately 3-10% sesquiterpenes.
- Perfumery Note: Top/Middle
- Consistency: Thin
- Strength of Initial Aroma: Medium
- Color: Clear
- Indigenous Country: United States : Arizona
- Cultivation: Wild Harvested
- Processing Methods: Steam or Hydro Distillation
- Part Typically Used: Needles and Twigs
- Shelf Life: 4 years
- Ethically and sustainably sourced
- Wild Harvested
Benefits & Uses
May be benefitial for addressing the following ailments:
Therapeutic Benefits of Pinyon Pine:
Analgesic Anti-bacterial Anti-fungal Anti-inflammatory Anti-oxidant Anti-spasmodic Anti-viral Cicatrisant Decongestant Expectorant Mucolytic Rubefacient Sedative Strengthening
Cautions & Safety
Cautions when using Pinyon Pine:
Safety data specifically for Pinyon Pine Oil isn't available within the second edition of Essential Oil Safety. Since the oil possesses a significant percentage of monoterpenes, however, it would be advisable to follow Tisserand and Young's advice in avoiding the oil for topical use if it has oxidized.. Reading Tisserand and Young's profiles for the pine oils that they do profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014).]
Safety Precautions for Pinyon Pine:
Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.
Energetic, Spiritual, and Emotional Qualities
Energetics and Chakras Qualites of Pinyon Pine:
1st Chakra - Survival and Support 5th Chakra - Speaking Truth 6th Chakra - Perspective Balancing Clarity Expansive Grounding Protective Purifying Transformative
Pinyon Pine Articles or Publications:
- PubMed: Linking nonstructural carbohydrate dynamics to gas exchange and leaf hydraulic behavior in Pinus edulis and Juniperus monosperma.
- PubMed: Microsatellite primers in the foundation tree species Pinus edulis and P. monophylla (Pinaceae).
- PubMed: Carbohydrate dynamics and mortality in a piñon-juniper woodland under three future precipitation scenarios.
- PubMed: Integrating ecophysiology and forest landscape models to improve projections of drought effects under climate change.
- PubMed: Herbivory and climate interact serially to control monoterpene emissions from pinyon pine forests.
- PubMed: Convergence in mycorrhizal fungal communities due to drought, plant competition, parasitism, and susceptibility to herbivory: consequences for fungi and host plants.
- PubMed: An elusive ectomycorrhizal fungus reveals itself: a new species of Geopora (Pyronemataceae) associated with Pinus edulis.
- PubMed: Growth-mortality relationships in piñon pine (Pinus edulis) during severe droughts of the past century: shifting processes in space and time.
- PubMed: Dynamics of leaf water relations components in co-occurring iso- and anisohydric conifer species.
- PubMed: Plant genetics and interspecific competitive interactions determine ectomycorrhizal fungal community responses to climate change.
- PubMed: Evaluating theories of drought-induced vegetation mortality using a multimodel-experiment framework.
- PubMed: Reduced transpiration response to precipitation pulses precedes mortality in a piñon-juniper woodland subject to prolonged drought.
- PubMed: Tree regeneration following drought- and insect-induced mortality in piñon-juniper woodlands.
- PubMed: Precipitation thresholds and drought-induced tree die-off: insights from patterns of Pinus edulis mortality along an environmental stress gradient.
- PubMed: How do trees die? A test of the hydraulic failure and carbon starvation hypotheses.
- PubMed: Hydraulic and carbohydrate changes in experimental drought-induced mortality of saplings in two conifer species.
- PubMed: Regulation and acclimation of leaf gas exchange in a piñon-juniper woodland exposed to three different precipitation regimes.
- PubMed: Drought predisposes piñon-juniper woodlands to insect attacks and mortality.
- PubMed: Nonstructural leaf carbohydrate dynamics of Pinus edulis during drought-induced tree mortality reveal role for carbon metabolism in mortality mechanism.
- PubMed: Response of the soil microbial community to changes in precipitation in a semiarid ecosystem.
- PubMed: Stable carbon isotope analysis of fluvial sediment fluxes over two contrasting C(4) -C(3) semi-arid vegetation transitions.
- PubMed: Hydraulic limits preceding mortality in a piñon-juniper woodland under experimental drought.
- PubMed: Noise pollution alters ecological services: enhanced pollination and disrupted seed dispersal.
- PubMed: Consequences of narrow temperature tolerance for a pinyon pine sawfly, Neodiprion edulicolus.
- PubMed: The effects of α-cellulose extraction and blue-stain fungus on retrospective studies of carbon and oxygen isotope variation in live and dead trees.
- PubMed: Molecular characterization of pezizalean ectomycorrhizas associated with pinyon pine during drought.
- PubMed: Drought negatively affects communities on a foundation tree: growth rings predict diversity.
- PubMed: Variation in woody plant mortality and dieback from severe drought among soils, plant groups, and species within a northern Arizona ecotone.
- PubMed: Genetically based susceptibility to herbivory influences the ectomycorrhizal fungal communities of a foundation tree species.
- PubMed: Historical fire and multidecadal drought as context for piñon-juniper woodland restoration in western Colorado.
- PubMed: Relationship of stand characteristics to drought-induced mortality in three southwestern piñion-juniper woodlands.
- PubMed: Temperature sensitivity of drought-induced tree mortality portends increased regional die-off under global-change-type drought.
- PubMed: Neighboring trees affect ectomycorrhizal fungal community composition in a woodland-forest ecotone.
- PubMed: Transpiration and hydraulic strategies in a piñon-juniper woodland.
- PubMed: Geographical and climatic limits of needle types of one- and two-needled pinyon pines.
- PubMed: Effects of associational resistance and host density on woodland insect herbivores.
- PubMed: Differential summer water use by Pinus edulis and Juniperus osteosperma reflects contrasting hydraulic characteristics.
- PubMed: Seasonal variations in moisture use in a piñon-juniper woodland.
- PubMed: Human plague in the southwestern United States, 1957-2004: spatial models of elevated risk of human exposure to Yersinia pestis.
- PubMed: Shifts from competition to facilitation between a foundation tree and a pioneer shrub across spatial and temporal scales in a semiarid woodland.
- PubMed: Effectiveness of bifenthrin (Onyx) and carbaryl (Sevin SL) for protecting individual, high-value conifers from bark beetle attack (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in the Western United States.
- PubMed: Mortality gradients within and among dominant plant populations as barometers of ecosystem change during extreme drought.
- PubMed: Ectomycorrhizal colonization slows root decomposition: the post-mortem fungal legacy.
- PubMed: Below-ground interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal shrubs decrease the performance of pinyon pine and the abundance of its ectomycorrhizas.
- PubMed: Role of multidecadal climate variability in a range extension of pinyon pine.
- PubMed: Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought.
- PubMed: Comparison of measured and modeled variations in piñon pine leaf water isotopic enrichment across a summer moisture gradient.
- PubMed: Chronic herbivory negatively impacts cone and seed production, seed quality and seedling growth of susceptible pinyon pines.
- PubMed: Food, audience and sex effects on pinyon jay (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus) communication.
- PubMed: Seed-caching responses to substrate and rock cover by two Peromyscus species: implications for pinyon pine establishment.
- PubMed: Speciation by host-switching in pinyon Cinara (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae).
- PubMed: Drought responses of conifers in ecotone forests of northern Arizona: tree ring growth and leaf delta13C.
- PubMed: Genetic variation in piñon pine, Pinus edulis, associated with summer precipitation.
- PubMed: Rapidly eroding piñon-juniper woodlands in New Mexico: response to slash treatment.
- PubMed: Health effects of subchronic exposure to low levels of wood smoke in rats.
- PubMed: Radionuclides in pinon pine (Pinus edulis) nuts from Los Alamos National Laboratory lands and the dose from consumption.
- PubMed: Variation in allozymes and stomatal size in pinyon (Pinus edulis, Pinaceae), associated with soil moisture.
- PubMed: Three-way interactions among ectomycorrhizal mutualists, scale insects, and resistant and susceptible pinyon pines.
- PubMed: A view of plant dehydrins using antibodies specific to the carboxy terminal peptide.
- PubMed: Carbon gain and water use in pinyon pine-juniper woodlands of northern New Mexico: field versus phytotron chamber measurements.
- PubMed: Chronic herbivory: impacts on architecture and sex expression of pinyon pine.
- PubMed: Effect of Certain Nematodes on the Growth of Pinus edulis and Juniperus monosperma seedlings.
- PubMed: [On the germination of pollen of Pinus edulis Engelmann with more than a haploid number of chromosomes].
- PubMed: Composition of gum turpentines of pines. XXVIII. A report on Pinus edulis from eastern Arizona, P. tropicalis from Cuba, and P. elliottii var. densa from Florida.