Cinnamon Essential Oil (Cinnamomum verum)
Cinnamon may also be referred to as True cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree. It is typically processed in E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka, but also widely cultivated throughout the Tropics. using steam or hydro distillation as a method for extracting oil from the leaf or bark.
Cinnamon oil comes from the leaves and bark of the Cinnamomum verum (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) plant. It has a warm, spicy scent. It has calming and antiseptic effects. The bark oil is generally preferred over Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil. However, oil distilled from cinnamon bark tends to be much more costly than that distilled from the leaves.
Aromatically, Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil is much richer in aroma than ground cinnamon. Cinnamon Bark Oil tends to be warming, stimulating and energizing. It blends well with many other essential oils especially oils in the wood, spice, citrus and mint families.
- Aroma Description:
- Common Name(s): True cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree
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Synonyms(s) for Cinnamomum verum: Cinnamomum antillarum, Cinnamomum barthii, Cinnamomum bengalense, Cinnamomum biafranum, Cinnamomum bonplandii, Cinnamomum boutonii, Cinnamomum capense, Cinnamomum cayennense, Cinnamomum cinnamomum, Cinnamomum cinnamomum, Cinnamomum commersonii, Cinnamomum cordifolium, Cinnamomum decandollei, Cinnamomum delessertii, Cinnamomum ellipticum, Cinnamomum erectum, Cinnamomum humboldtii, Cinnamomum leschenaultii, Cinnamomum madrassicum, Cinnamomum mauritianum, Cinnamomum meissneri, Cinnamomum pallasii, Cinnamomum pleei, Cinnamomum pourretii, Cinnamomum regelii, Cinnamomum roxburghii, Cinnamomum sieberii, Cinnamomum sonneratii, Cinnamomum vaillantii, Cinnamomum variabile, Cinnamomum verum asperifolium, Cinnamomum verum chartaceum, Cinnamomum verum commune, Cinnamomum wolkensteinii, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Cinnamomum zollingerii, Laurus cinnamifera, Laurus cinnamomea, Persea cinnamomum
- Botanical Family: Lauraceae
- Botanical Genus: Cinnamomum
- Chemical Family: Aldehydes, Phenols
- Major Compounds: (E)-Cinnamaldehyde, Eugenol, (E)-Cinnamyl Acetate, Linalool, B-Caryophyllene, p-Cymene
- Perfumery Note: Middle
- Consistency: Slightly oily feeling
- Strength of Initial Aroma: Strong
- Color: Golden Yellow/Brown
- Countries of Production: E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka, but also widely cultivated throughout the Tropics.
- Indigenous Country: Sri Lanka or Madagascar
- Cultivation: Distiller is Certified Organic
- Processing Methods: Steam or Hydro Distillation
- Part Typically Used: Leaf or Bark
- Shelf Life: 4 years
- Ethically and sustainably sourced
- Not recommended or safe if pregnant or nursing
- Not recommend or safe for children
Benefits & Uses
May be benefitial for addressing the following ailments:
Bad Breath Colds Flu Frigidity / Impotence Hair : Damaged Headache Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure) Indigestion Insect Bites Libido Lice Poor Blood Circulation Scabies
Therapeutic Benefits of Cinnamon:
Anti-bacterial Anti-dontalgic Anti-fungal Anti-inflammatory Anti-microbial Anti-oxidant Aphrodisiac Digestive tonic
Cautions & Safety
Cautions when using Cinnamon:
Cinnamon may irritate the skin.
Tisserand and Young indicate that both the bark and the leaf oil are low risk for mucous membrane irritation, may inhibit blood clotting and pose a drug interaction hazard. Cinnamon Bark Oil may cause embryotoxicity and is contraindicated in pregnancy and breastfeeding. There is a high risk of skin sensitization with the bark oil, and Tisserand and Young recommend a dermal maximum of 0.07% for the bark oil. This dermal maximum is based on 75.5% cinnamaldehyde content with a dermal limit of 0.05%. For the leaf oil, Tisserand and Young recommend a dermal maximum of 0.6%. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile for both the bark and leaf oils is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 248-250.]
This essential oil poses a higher risk of causing irritation and sensitization when used in the bath. Avoid using it in the bath, even if it is solubilized/diluted.
Safety Precautions for Cinnamon:
Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.
Botanical Description of Cinnamon:
Cinnamomum verum or Cinnamon is a small evergreen tree native to Sri Lanka. It is usually 10 to 15 m in height and is a slow-growing plant. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape, flowers are greenish in color and are arranged in panicles, and the fruit is a purple drupe containing a single seed.
Energetic, Spiritual, and Emotional Qualities
Cinnamon Articles or Publications:
- PubMed: Discovery of a novel anticancer agent with both anti-topoisomerase I and II activities in hepatocellular carcinoma SK-Hep-1 cells in vitro and in vivo: Cinnamomum verum component 2-methoxycinnamaldehyde.
- PubMed: Discovery of a novel anti-cancer agent targeting both topoisomerase I and II in hepatocellular carcinoma Hep 3B cells in vitro and in vivo: Cinnamomum verum component 2-methoxycinnamaldehyde.
- PubMed: Cinnamomum verum Component 2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde: A Novel Anticancer Agent with Both Anti-Topoisomerase I and II Activities in Human Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cells In Vitro and In Vivo.
- PubMed: Invitro Anti-mycotic Activity of Hydro Alcoholic Extracts of Some Indian Medicinal Plants against Fluconazole Resistant Candida albicans.
- PubMed: Anthelmintic activity of trans-cinnamaldehyde and A- and B-type proanthocyanidins derived from cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum).
- PubMed: Empirical prediction and validation of antibacterial inhibitory effects of various plant essential oils on common pathogenic bacteria.
- PubMed: Nrf2-dependent suppression of azoxymethane/dextran sulfate sodium-induced colon carcinogenesis by the cinnamon-derived dietary factor cinnamaldehyde.
- PubMed: Authentication of true cinnamon (Cinnamon verum) utilising direct analysis in real time (DART)-QToF-MS.
- PubMed: Antibacterial Mode of Action of Cinnamomum verum Bark Essential Oil, Alone and in Combination with Piperacillin, Against a Multi-Drug-Resistant Escherichia coli Strain.
- PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of the bioactive components of essential oils from Pakistani spices against Salmonella and other multi-drug resistant bacteria.
- PubMed: Cassia cinnamon as a source of coumarin in cinnamon-flavored food and food supplements in the United States.
- PubMed: Assessment of coumarin levels in ground cinnamon available in the Czech retail market.
- PubMed: Evaluation of traditional Indian antidiabetic medicinal plants for human pancreatic amylase inhibitory effect in vitro.
- PubMed: Functional and ultrastructural changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus cells induced by Cinnamomum verum essential oil.
- PubMed: Comparison of bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity of 13 essential oils against strains with varying sensitivity to antibiotics.
- PubMed: From type 2 diabetes to antioxidant activity: a systematic review of the safety and efficacy of common and cassia cinnamon bark.
- PubMed: Does the taste matter? Taste and medicinal perceptions associated with five selected herbal drugs among three ethnic groups in West Yorkshire, Northern England.
- PubMed: Antimicrobial effects of selected plant essential oils on the growth of a Pseudomonas putida strain isolated from meat.
- PubMed: Antimicrobial activities of cinnamon oil and cinnamaldehyde from the Chinese medicinal herb Cinnamomum cassia Blume.
- PubMed: Anti-oxidant effects of cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) bark and greater cardamom (Amomum subulatum) seeds in rats fed high fat diet.