Myrtle Essential Oil (Myrtus communis)
Myrtle may also be referred to as foxtail myrtle, myrtle bonsai tree, sweet myrtle, true myrtle, true roman myrtle. It is typically processed using steam distilled as a method for extracting oil from the leaves.
Myrtle oil comes from the leaves of the Myrtus communis plant. It has a camphorous, floral scent.
Myrtle Essential Oil is sweet, fresh, green and slightly camphorous in aroma. Red Myrtle Essential Oil smells camphorous than does Green Myrtle Essential Oil due to its higher 1,8 Cineole content.
- Aroma Description:
- Common Name(s): foxtail myrtle, myrtle bonsai tree, sweet myrtle, true myrtle, true roman myrtle
- Botanical Family: Myrtaceae
- Botanical Genus: Myrtus
- Chemical Family: Esters, Monoterpenes, Oxides
- Major Compounds: a-Pinene, 1,8-Cineole, Myrtenyl Acetate, (+)-Limonene, Linalool
- Perfumery Note: Middle/Top
- Consistency: Thin
- Strength of Initial Aroma: Medium
- Indigenous Country: Morocco
- Cultivation: Distiller is Certified Organic
- Processing Methods: Steam Distilled
- Part Typically Used: Leaves
- Shelf Life: 4-5 years
- Ethically and sustainably sourced
Benefits & Uses
May be benefitial for addressing the following ailments:
Therapeutic Benefits of Myrtle:
Analgesic Anti-allergenic Anti-asthmatic Anti-bacterial Anti-fungal Anti-histamine Anti-infectious Anti-inflammatory Anti-oxidant Anti-septic Anti-spasmodic Anti-viral Carminative Cephalic Expectorant Immuno-stimulant Mucolytic Stomachic Tonic
Cautions & Safety
Cautions when using Myrtle:
Tisserand and Young recommend a maximum dermal use level of \"1.9% for myrtle oils based on either 1.4% estragole and 0.8% methyleugenol content or 0.2% estragole and 1.0% methyleugenol content, and dermal limits of 0.12% and 0.02% for estragole and emthyleugenol, respectively.\" Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 357-358.]
Safety Precautions for Myrtle:
Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.
Energetic, Spiritual, and Emotional Qualities
Energetic, Spiritual, and Emotional Qualities of Myrtle:
Clarity, Protective, Purifying
Myrtle Articles or Publications:
- PubMed: Empirical prediction and validation of antibacterial inhibitory effects of various plant essential oils on common pathogenic bacteria.
- PubMed: Antileishmanial and Cytotoxic Effects of Essential Oil and Methanolic Extract of Myrtus communis L.
- PubMed: Evaluation of Repellency Effect of Essential Oils of Satureja khuzestanica (Carvacrol), Myrtus communis (Myrtle), Lavendula officinalis and Salvia sclarea using Standard WHO Repellency Tests.
- PubMed: Myrtus communis L. as source of a bioactive and safe essential oil.
- PubMed: Synergistic effect of Myrtus communis L. essential oils and conventional antibiotics against multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii wound isolates.
- PubMed: Chemical constituent and antimicrobial effect of essential oil from Myrtus communis leaves on microorganisms involved in persistent endodontic infection compared to two common endodontic irrigants: An in vitro study.
- PubMed: Antibacterial activity of the essential oils of myrtle leaves against Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.
- PubMed: Anxiolytic-like effects and mechanism of (-)-myrtenol: a monoterpene alcohol.
- PubMed: Effects of feeding plant-derived agents on the colonization of Campylobacter jejuni in broiler chickens.
- PubMed: Antifungal, anti-biofilm and adhesion activity of the essential oil of Myrtus communis L. against Candida species.
- PubMed: Inhibitory activity of Myrtus communis oil on some clinically isolated oral pathogens.
- PubMed: Myrtus communis essential oil: chemical composition and antimicrobial activities against food spoilage pathogens.
- PubMed: Assessing the Antimicrobial Effect of the Essential Oil of Myrtus communis on the Clinical Isolates of Porphyromonas gingivalis: An in vitro Study.
- PubMed: Effects of herbal essential oil mixture as a dietary supplement on egg production in quail.
- PubMed: UPLC-QTOF/MS for a rapid characterisation of phenolic compounds from leaves of Myrtus communis L.
- PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and five terpenoid compounds against Campylobacter jejuni in pure and mixed culture experiments.
- PubMed: New compounds, chemical composition, antifungal activity and cytotoxicity of the essential oil from Myrtus nivellei Batt. & Trab., an endemic species of Central Sahara.
- PubMed: Chemical variability of Algerian Myrtus communis L.
- PubMed: Physicochemical and phytochemical standardization of berries of Myrtus communis Linn.
- PubMed: Anti-plasmodial and insecticidal activities of the essential oils of aromatic plants growing in the Mediterranean area.
- PubMed: Bioinformatical and in vitro approaches to essential oil-induced matrix metalloproteinase inhibition.
- PubMed: Biochemical compositional and technological characterizations of black and white myrtle ( Myrtus communis L.) fruits.
- PubMed: Essential oil of Myrtus communis inhibits inflammation in rats by reducing serum IL-6 and TNF-alpha.
- PubMed: Chemical composition and fumigant toxicity of some essential oils against Ephestia kuehniella.
- PubMed: Essential oil composition and antiradical activity of the oil of Iraq plants.
- PubMed: Secondary metabolites and bioactivities of Myrtus communis.
- PubMed: Myrtus communis berry color morphs: a comparative analysis of essential oils, fatty acids, phenolic compounds, and antioxidant activities.
- PubMed: Repellency Effects of Essential Oils of Myrtle (Myrtus communis), Marigold (Calendula officinalis) Compared with DEET against Anopheles stephensi on Human Volunteers.
- PubMed: Composition and chemical variability of leaf oil of Myrtus communis from north-eastern Algeria.
- PubMed: Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Properties of the Essential Oil of Myrtus communis L. against Clinical Strains of Mycobacterium spp.
- PubMed: Essential oil composition and larvicidal activity of six Mediterranean aromatic plants against the mosquito Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae).
- PubMed: Insecticidal activity of the essential oils from different plants against three stored-product insects.
- PubMed: Essential oil of Myrtus communis L. as a potential antioxidant and antimutagenic agents.
- PubMed: Antioxidant activities of the essential oils and methanol extracts from myrtle (Myrtus communis var. italica L.) leaf, stem and flower.
- PubMed: In vitro synergistic efficacy of combination of amphotericin B with Myrtus communis essential oil against clinical isolates of Candida albicans.
- PubMed: Nematicidal activity of essential oils and volatiles derived from Portuguese aromatic flora against the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus.
- PubMed: Interventions for cutaneous molluscum contagiosum.
- PubMed: Anti-biofilm properties of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil against periodontal pathogens.
- PubMed: Efficacy of myrtle oil against Salmonella Typhimurium on fresh produce.
- PubMed: In vitro activity of essential oil of Myrtus communis L. against Helicobacter pylori.
- PubMed: Essential oil composition of two myrtus communis L. varieties grown in North Tunisia.
- PubMed: Effects of in vivo antioxidant enzyme activities of myrtle oil in normoglycaemic and alloxan diabetic rabbits.
- PubMed: Biochemical activities of Iranian Mentha piperita L. and Myrtus communis L. essential oils.
- PubMed: Chemical composition of volatiles in Sardinian myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) alcoholic extracts and essential oils.
- PubMed: Bacterial colonization of the phyllosphere of mediterranean perennial species as influenced by leaf structural and chemical features.
- PubMed: Anti-genotoxic and free-radical scavenging activities of extracts from (Tunisian) Myrtus communis.
- PubMed: Hypoglycaemic effects of myrtle oil in normal and alloxan-diabetic rabbits.
- PubMed: Essential oil of Australian lemon myrtle (Backhousia citriodora) in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children.
- PubMed: Toxicity of Australian essential oil Backhousia citriodora (lemon myrtle). Part 2. Absorption and histopathology following application to human skin.
- PubMed: Antimutagenic activity of aqueous extracts and essential oil isolated from Myrtus communis.
- PubMed: Insecticidal properties of essential plant oils against the mosquito Culex pipiens molestus (Diptera: Culicidae).
- PubMed: Toxicity of Australian essential oil Backhousia citriodora (Lemon myrtle). Part 1. Antimicrobial activity and in vitro cytotoxicity.
- PubMed: Oral toxicity of an essential oil from myrtle and adaptive liver stimulation.