Tagetes Essential Oil (Tagetes minuta)
Tagetes may also be referred to as Angola, Huacatay, Wacatay, chinchilla, chiquilla, chilca, zuico, suico, anisillo, muster John Henry, southern marigold, khakibos, stinking roger, wild marigold, and black mint. It is typically processed using steam or hydro distillation as a method for extracting oil from the flowering plant/herb.
Tagetes oil comes from the flowers and leaves of the Tagetes minuta (Mexican marigold) plant. It has antiseptic and anti-infectious effects.
Aromatically, Tagetes Essential Oil possesses a fresh, sweet, floral, slightly fruity aroma. I find that it blends well with essential oils in the citrus, floral and wood families.
Tagetes Essential Oil is extremely phototoxic. As Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young indicate (see the Safety section below), it must be used at under 0.01% in topical formulations to eliminate the risk of phototoxicity.
Tagetes is a variety of marigold. It should not be confused with the marigold that gives us Calendula and healing Calendula infused carrier oils. Both have very different properties and very different applications.
Bittersweet Fresh Fruity Green Herbaceous Slightly citrus Slightly floral Soft Sweet
- Common Name(s): Angola, Huacatay, Wacatay, chinchilla, chiquilla, chilca, zuico, suico, anisillo, muster John Henry, southern marigold, khakibos, stinking roger, wild marigold, and black mint
Synonyms(s) for Tagetes minuta: Marigold, Tagetes bonariensis, Tagetes glandulifera, Tagetes glandulosa, Tagetes montana, Tagetes porophyllum, Tagetes tinctoria
- Botanical Family: Asteraceae
- Botanical Genus: Tagetes
- Chemical Family: Ketones, Monoterpenes
- Major Compounds: (Z)-B-Ocimene, Dihydrotagetone, (Z)-Tagetone, (Z)-Tagetenone, (E)-Tagetenone
- Perfumery Note: Top
- Consistency: Thin - Medium
- Strength of Initial Aroma: Medium
- Color: Gold
- Indigenous Country: South Africa
- Cultivation: Unsprayed
- Processing Methods: Steam or Hydro Distillation
- Part Typically Used: Flowering plant/herb
- Shelf Life: 4-5 years
Benefits & Uses
May be benefitial for addressing the following ailments:
Athlete's Foot Parasitic Skin Infections
Therapeutic Benefits of Tagetes:
Cautions & Safety
Cautions when using Tagetes:
Tagetes oil may irritate sensitive skin.
Tagetes Oil isphototoxic. Tisserand and Young recommend a dermal maximum of 0.01% to avoid risk of phototoxic reaction. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 435-436.]
Safety Precautions for Tagetes:
Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.
Traditional Folklore of Tagetes:
Botany Tagetes is an annual herb that grows to about 30 cm in height. It has bright orange daisylike flowers and soft green oval pinnate leaves. Often referred to as (Mexican) Marigold, and wrongly referred to as Calendula. This species is considered a noxious, invasive plant in some areas. It is known by other names: Khaki Bush & Mexican Marie Gold. Traditional Folklore & Uses The flowers have traditionally been decocted and used for whooping cough, colic, mumps, sore eyes, colds, and mastitis. Often used for flavoring tobacco. It is also used in chicken feed, to to give the egg yolks a brighter yellow hue and enhance the color of the chicken skin.
Energetic, Spiritual, and Emotional Qualities
Energetic, Spiritual, and Emotional Qualities of Tagetes:
Its sedative qualities soothe the neurotic & nervous systems, beneficial for anxiety, stress, depression, anger, panic and other psychological imbalances.
Tagetes Articles or Publications:
- PubMed: Chemical composition, antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of Tagetes minuta and Ocimum basilicum essential oils.
- PubMed: The potentiality of botanicals and their products as an alternative to chemical insecticides to sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae): a review.
- PubMed: Repellent Activities of Essential Oils of Some Plants Used Traditionally to Control the Brown Ear Tick, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus.
- PubMed: Composition of essential oil from Tagetes minuta and its cytotoxic, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.
- PubMed: New thiophene and flavonoid from Tagetes minuta leaves growing in Saudi Arabia.
- PubMed: In vitro effects of Coriandrum sativum, Tagetes minuta, Alpinia zerumbet and Lantana camara essential oils on Haemonchus contortus.
- PubMed: In vitro antiviral activity of plant extracts from Asteraceae medicinal plants.
- PubMed: Protective action of Tagetes minuta (Asteraceae) essential oil in the control of Rhipicephalus microplus (Canestrini, 1887) (Acari: Ixodidae) in a cattle pen trial.
- PubMed: Use of pyrogallol red and pyranine as probes to evaluate antioxidant capacities towards hypochlorite.
- PubMed: In vitro anti-tick properties of the essential oil of Tagetes minuta L. (Asteraceae) on Hyalomma rufipes (Acari: Ixodidae).
- PubMed: Chemical identification of Tagetes minuta Linnaeus (Asteraceae) essential oil and its acaricidal effect on ticks.
- PubMed: In vitro activity of Lantana camara, Alpinia zerumbet, Mentha villosa and Tagetes minuta decoctions on Haemonchus contortus eggs and larvae.
- PubMed: In vitro antiplasmodial, antileishmanial and antitrypanosomal activities of selected medicinal plants used in the traditional Arabian Peninsular region.
- PubMed: Comparison of endogenous cytokinins and cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase activity in germinating and thermoinhibited Tagetes minuta achenes.
- PubMed: Composition and anti-insect activity of essential oils from Tagetes L. species (Asteraceae, Helenieae) on Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann and Triatoma infestans Klug.
- PubMed: The potential of the extracts of Tagetes minuta Linnaeus (Asteraceae), Acalypha fruticosa Forssk (Euphorbiaceae) and Tarchonanthus camphoratus L. (Compositae) against Phlebotomus duboscqi Neveu Lemaire (Diptera: Psychodidae), the vector for Leishmania major Yakimoff and Schokhor.
- PubMed: Antifungal activity of four weedy plant extracts against selected mycotoxigenic fungi.
- PubMed: Effects of steam-distilled shoot extract of Tagetes minuta (Asterales: Asteraceae) and entomopathogenic fungi on larval Tetanops myopaeformis.
- PubMed: Antibacterial activity of water extracts and essential oils of various aromatic plants against Paenibacillus larvae, the causative agent of American Foulbrood.
- PubMed: Optimization of DNA extraction from seeds and fresh leaf tissues of wild marigold (Tagetes minuta) for polymerase chain reaction analysis.
- PubMed: [Establishment of the feeding methodology of Aedes aegypti (Diptera-Culicidae) in Swiss mice and evaluation of the toxicity and residual effect of essential oil from Tagetes minuta L (Asteraceae), in populations of Aedes aegypti].
- PubMed: Phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity and in vitro inhibitory potential against key enzymes relevant for hyperglycemia and hypertension of commonly used medicinal plants, herbs and spices in Latin America.
- PubMed: Identification of odor impact compounds of Tagetes minuta L. essential oil: comparison of two GC-olfactometry methods.
- PubMed: An in-vivo study of the efficacy and safety of ethno-veterinary remedies used to control cattle ticks by rural farmers in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.
- PubMed: Mosquito repellent activity of essential oils of aromatic plants growing in Argentina.
- PubMed: Cell division versus cell elongation: the control of radicle elongation during thermoinhibition of Tagetes minuta achenes.
- PubMed: Native Kenyan plants as possible alternatives to methyl bromide in soil fumigation.
- PubMed: Factors contributing to the regulation of thermoinhibition in Tagetes minuta L.
- PubMed: Electronic nose screening of limonene release from multicomponent essential oils encapsulated in pectin gels.
- PubMed: Plant essential oils with promising antifungal activity.
- PubMed: [Compositae dermatitis].
- PubMed: Repellency of live potted plants against Anopheles gambiae from human baits in semi-field experimental huts.
- PubMed: Traditional use of mosquito-repellent plants in western Kenya and their evaluation in semi-field experimental huts against Anopheles gambiae: ethnobotanical studies and application by thermal expulsion and direct burning.
- PubMed: Effect of drought stress on the yield and composition of volatile oils of drought-tolerant and non-drought-tolerant clones of Tagetes minuta.
- PubMed: In vitro selection and characterisation of a drought tolerant clone of Tagetes minuta.
- PubMed: Effect of various essential oils on Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae).
- PubMed: Host Suitability of Potential Cover Crops for Root-knot Nematodes.
- PubMed: Anxiogenic-like effects of Tagetes minuta L essential oil on T-maze and tonic immobility behaviour in domestic chicks.
- PubMed: Screening of Asteraceae (Compositae) plant extracts for larvicidal activity against Aedes fluviatilis (Diptera:Culicidae).
- PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of flavonoids from leaves of Tagetes minuta.
- PubMed: The essential oil from Tagetes minuta L. modulates the binding of [3H]flunitrazepam to crude membranes from chick brain.
- PubMed: Isolation of the insecticidal components of Tagetes minuta (Compositae) against mosquito larvae and adults.
- PubMed: Larvicidal activity of Tagetes minuta (marigold) toward Aedes aegypti.
- PubMed: Host Status of Seven Weed Species and Their Effects on Ditylenchus destructor Infestation of Peanut.
- PubMed: Host Status of Five Weed Species and Their Effects on Pratylenchus zeae Infestation of Maize.
- PubMed: Effect of Explant Origin on Growth and Differentiation of Calli from Tagetes species.
- PubMed: Contact dermatitis from Tagetes minuta. A new sensitizing plant of the Compositae family.
- PubMed: Antitumor activity and preliminary phytochemical examination of Tagetes minuta (Compositae).
- PubMed: Tagetes minuta L., as a repellent and insecticide against adult mosquitoes.
- PubMed: Tagetes minuta L. oil-a new source of juvenile hormone mimicking substance.
- PubMed: Population dynamics of plant nematodes in cultivated soil: effect of summer cover crops in newly cleared land.
- PubMed: Population dynamics of plant nematodes in cultivated soil: effect of summer cover crops in old agricultural land.
- PubMed: Studies on Tagetes minuta: some pharmacological actions of the essential oil.