Parsley Essential Oil (Petroselinum crispum)
Parsley may also be referred to as Parsley Seed Essential Oil, Petroselinum sativum. It is typically processed using steam distilled as a method for extracting oil from the seed.
Parsley oil comes from the Petroselinum sativum plant. It has a herby, woody scent.
It is best known for its use as a diuretic and its ability to shrink blood vessels.
- Aroma Description:
- Common Name(s): Parsley Seed Essential Oil, Petroselinum sativum
- Botanical Family: Apiaceae
- Botanical Genus: Petroselinum
- Major Compounds: Parsley Apiole, Myristicin, Allytetramethoxybenzene, a-Pinene, B-Pinene, Elemicin, (+)-Limonene
- Perfumery Note: Middle
- Consistency: Thin
- Strength of Initial Aroma: Medium - Strong
- Color: Light Yellow
- Processing Methods: Steam Distilled
- Part Typically Used: Seed
- Ethically and sustainably sourced
Benefits & Uses
May be benefitial for addressing the following ailments:
Arthritis Bruises Cellulite Cystitis Frigidity / Impotence Indigestion Menstruation : Lack of Periods (Amenorrhea) Muscular aches and pains Rheumatism
Therapeutic Benefits of Parsley:
Cautions & Safety
Cautions when using Parsley:
Tisserand and Young indicate that drug interaction and a risk of hepatotoxity and nephrotoxicity may be present when using Parsley Seed Oil. it is also a potential abortifacient and is contraindicated in pregnancy and breastfeeding. There is a low risk of skin irritation, and they recommend a dermal maximum of 1.1%.Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 380-381.]
This essential oil poses a higher risk of causing irritation and sensitization when used in the bath. Avoid using it in the bath, even if it is solubilized/diluted.
Safety Precautions for Parsley:
Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.
Contraindications of Parsley:
Parsley oil may be toxic to the liver.
Parsley Articles or Publications:
- PubMed: Influence of microwave frequency electromagnetic radiation on terpene emission and content in aromatic plants.
- PubMed: Optimization of extraction conditions of some polyphenolic compounds from parsley leaves (Petroselinum crispum).
- PubMed: Characterization of the endogenous enzymatic hydrolyses of Petroselinum crispum glycosides: determined by chromatography upon their sugar and flavonoid products.
- PubMed: Morphological and biochemical changes in two parsley varieties upon water stress.
- PubMed: Biochemical and haematological assessment of toxic effects of the leaf ethanol extract of Petroselinum crispum (Mill) Nyman ex A.W. Hill (Parsley) in rats.
- PubMed: Anticancer Activity of Certain Herbs and Spices on the Cervical Epithelial Carcinoma (HeLa) Cell Line.
- PubMed: Sensory characteristics and volatile profiles of parsley ( Petroselinum crispum [Mill.] Nym.) in correlation to resistance properties against Septoria Blight ( Septoria petroselini ).
- PubMed: Multilocus sequence typing of Pseudomonas syringae sensu lato confirms previously described genomospecies and permits rapid identification of P. syringae pv. coriandricola and P. syringae pv. apii causing bacterial leaf spot on parsley.
- PubMed: Protective effects of Petroselinum crispum (Mill) Nyman ex A. W. Hill leaf extract on D-galactose-induced oxidative stress in mouse brain.
- PubMed: DNA amounts of roses (Rosa L.) and their use in attributing ploidy levels.
- PubMed: Changes in carotenoid content and distribution in living plant tissue can be observed and mapped in situ using NIR-FT-Raman spectroscopy.
- PubMed: Chemical stimulants of leaf-trenching by cabbage loopers: natural products, neurotransmitters, insecticides, and drugs.
- PubMed: The maize Single myb histone 1 gene, Smh1, belongs to a novel gene family and encodes a protein that binds telomere DNA repeats in vitro.
- PubMed: Potyviruses, novel and known, in cultivated and wild species of the family Apiaceae in Australia.
- PubMed: Increases in Cytosolic Ca2+ in Parsley Mesophyll Cells Correlate with Leaf Senescence.
- PubMed: Two differentially regulated class II chitinases from parsley.
- PubMed: Transcriptional activation of the parsley chalcone synthase promoter in heterologous pea and yeast systems.
- PubMed: Extensive reprogramming of primary and secondary metabolism by fungal elicitor or infection in parsley cells.
- PubMed: Identification of UV/blue light-response elements in the Arabidopsis thaliana chalcone synthase promoter using a homologous protoplast transient expression system.
- PubMed: Rapid, transient, and highly localized induction of plastidial omega-3 fatty acid desaturase mRNA at fungal infection sites in Petroselinum crispum.
- PubMed: Biphasic Temporal and Spatial Induction Patterns of Defense-Related mRNAs and Proteins in Fungus-Infected Parsley Leaves.
- PubMed: Differential regulation and tissue-specific distribution of enzymes of phenylpropanoid pathways in developing parsley seedlings.
- PubMed: Gene structure and in situ transcript localization of pathogenesis-related protein 1 in parsley.