Cubeb Essential Oil (Piper cubeba)


Cubeb may also be referred to as Cubeb or tailed pepper. It is typically processed using steam distilled as a method for extracting oil from the berries.


Cubeb Essential Oil is also referred to asJava Pepper Essential Oil.

Comprised primarily of sesquiterpenes and sesquiterpenols, Cubeb Essential Oil is a beautiful essential oil to try for respiratory issues, pain relief, and digestive complaints. See the Uses section below for more information on the benefits of Cubeb Essential Oil.

Essential Facts

  • Aroma Description: Cubeb Essential Oil smells warm, sweet and slightly peppery.
  • Common Name(s): Cubeb or tailed pepper
  • Synonyms(s) for Piper cubeba: Cubeba cubeba, Cubeba officinalis, Cubeba pipereta

  • Botanical Family: Piperaceae
  • Botanical Genus: Piper
  • Major Compounds: Sabinene, Cubebol, a-Copaene, B-Cubebene, Delta-Cadinene, a-Cubebene, a-Pinene, Gamma-Humulene, (+)-Limonene, (-)-allo-Aromadendrene, Gamma-Muurolene, (Z)-Calamene, B-Caryophyllene
  • Perfumery Note: Middle - Base
  • Consistency: Medium
  • Strength of Initial Aroma: Light - Medium
  • Color: Clear to Pale Yellow
  • Indigenous Country: Middle - Base
  • Processing Methods: Steam Distilled
  • Part Typically Used: Berries
  • Vegan Vegan

Essential Details

Benefits & Uses

May be benefitial for addressing the following ailments:

Bodily Congestion Bronchia Bronchitis Coughs Cystitis Flatulence Indigestion Sinusitis

Therapeutic Benefits of Cubeb:

Decongestant Digestive stimulant

Cautions & Safety

Cautions when using Cubeb:

Tisserand and Young recommend a dermal maximum of 7.5%. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 263.]

Safety Precautions for Cubeb:

Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.


Cubeb Articles or Publications: