Chamomile, German Essential Oil (Matricaria recutita)
Chamomile, German may also be referred to as Blue Chamomile. It is typically processed using steam distilled as a method for extracting oil from the flowers/buds.
German chamomile oil comes from the flowers of Matricaria recutita.
Although German Chamomile Essential Oil possesses numerous beneficial actions (see the section below), German Chamomile oil may be as a powerful anti-inflammatory for use in topical applications.
German Chamomile Essential Oil is a deep, dark blue hue due to the presence of the sesquiterpene chamazulene. During steam distillation of the essential oil, the natural matricin that is present in German Chamomile reacts to form the chamazulene that we find in the oil. As with Yarrow or Blue Tansy Essential Oil, the hue can sometimes be a deterrent when working with the oil. To minimize discoloration to clothing if it leaks in my luggage leave out the German Chamomile Essential Oil from my anti-inflammatory travel blend and instead substitute Roman Chamomile Oil. For room sprays and body mists where essential oil color can again be a consideration, use Roman Chamomile Oil. Use German Chamomile strictly for direct topical applications (i.e. wound care, inflamed skin, etc.).
- Aroma Description: German Chamomile Essential Oil smells sweet, fruity and herbaceous.
- Common Name(s): Blue Chamomile
- Botanical Family: Asteraceae
- Chemical Family: Oxides, Sesquiterpenes
- Major Compounds: Bisabolol, Farnesol, Azulene, Farnasene, Thujanol
- Perfumery Note: Middle
- Consistency: Medium
- Strength of Initial Aroma: Medium
- Color: Deep Blue
- Indigenous Country: Bulgaria
- Cultivation: Distiller is Certified Organic
- Processing Methods: Steam Distilled
- Part Typically Used: Flowers/Buds
- Shelf Life: long time
- Not recommended or safe if pregnant or nursing
Benefits & Uses
May be benefitial for addressing the following ailments:
Therapeutic Benefits of Chamomile, German:
Analgesic Anti-allergenic Anti-anxiety Anti-bacterial Anti-fungal Anti-histamine Anti-inflammatory Anti-septic Anti-spasmodic Anti-viral Carminative Cicatrisant CNS sedative CNS tonic Cooling Digestive tonic Emmenagogic Nervine Sedative Tonic Wound healing
Other Uses for Chamomile, German:
Cautions & Safety
Cautions when using Chamomile, German:
Don't use German chamomile oil during pregnancy.
Tisserand and Young caution that a drug interaction may occur if using drugs metabolized by CYP2D6. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 243.] According to Julia Lawless, German Chamomile Oil may cause dermatitis in some. [Julia Lawless,The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils (Rockport, MA: Element Books, 1995), 168.]
Safety Precautions for Chamomile, German:
Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.
Energetic, Spiritual, and Emotional Qualities
Chamomile, German Articles or Publications:
- PubMed: Evaluation of antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of two endangered plant species atropa belladonna and matricaria chamomilla.
- PubMed: Simultaneous determination of eight flavonoids in the flowers of Matricaria chamomilla by high performance liquid chromatography.
- PubMed: Ameliorative effect of Matricaria chamomilla .L on paraquat: Induced oxidative damage in lung rats.
- PubMed: Hepatoprotective Effect of Matricaria chamomilla.L in Paraquat Induced Rat Liver Injury.
- PubMed: Fast quality assessment of German chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) by headspace solid-phase microextraction: influence of flower development stage.
- PubMed: Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of crude extracts and essential oils from medicinal plants.
- PubMed: Effects of chamomile extract on biochemical and clinical parameters in a rat model of polycystic ovary syndrome.
- PubMed: Protective effect of Matricaria chamomilla on ethanol-induced acute gastric mucosal injury in rats.
- PubMed: Evaluation of immunomodulatory effect of three herbal plants growing in Egypt.
- PubMed: Evaluation of topical Matricaria chamomilla extract activity on linear incisional wound healing in albino rats.
- PubMed: Extraction, Characterization, Stability and Biological Activity of Flavonoids Isolated from Chamomile Flowers.
- PubMed: Protective effects of dietary chamomile tea on diabetic complications.
- PubMed: An experimental study of the effects of Matricaria chamomilla extract on cutaneous burn wound healing in albino rats.
- PubMed: Antihyperglycemic and antioxidative potential of Matricaria chamomilla L. in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
- PubMed: Antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of chamomile extract in various human cancer cells.
- PubMed: Efficacy of Slim339 in reducing body weight of overweight and obese human subjects.
- PubMed: The immediate effect of natural plant extract, Angelica sinensis and Matricaria chamomilla (Climex) for the treatment of hot flushes during menopause. A preliminary report.
- PubMed: Matricaria chamomilla extract inhibits both development of morphine dependence and expression of abstinence syndrome in rats.
- PubMed: A new nonpeptide tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonist isolated from the plants of Compositae.
- PubMed: Clinical cross-reactivity between Artemisia vulgaris and Matricaria chamomilla (chamomile).
- PubMed: Pharmacological profile of apigenin, a flavonoid isolated from Matricaria chamomilla.
- PubMed: Evaluation of the immunomodulatory effects of five herbal plants.
- PubMed: Allergic conjunctivitis to chamomile tea.
- PubMed: Anaphylactic reaction after the ingestion of chamomile tea: a study of cross-reactivity with other composite pollens.
- PubMed: [Inhibition of poliovirus replication by an extract of Matricaria chamomilla (L)].
- PubMed: [Evaluation of the activity on the mouse CNS of several plant extracts and a combination of them].
- PubMed: [Uterotonic action of extracts from a group of medicinal plants].