Cade Essential Oil (Rectified) (Juniperus oxycedrus)
Cade (Rectified) may also be referred to as Juniper Tar, Prickly Juniper. It is typically processed using steam distillation and rectification of the crude oil as a method for extracting oil from the wood.
Cade, also known by several other common names including Juniper Tar and Prickly Juniper, is a variety of juniper that is native to regions of the Mediterranean.
Rectified Cade Essential Oil is generally obtained by steam distillation of the crude extraction of cade oil through destructive distillation. According to Tisserand and Young, crude (unrectified) Cade Oil is potentially carcinogenic due to the presence of benzo[a]pyrene and should not be used internally or externally. They precaution that only rectified Cade Oil should be used. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 222-223.] Therefore, it's important to ensure that you procure and use only Cade Oil that has been rectified to remove the carcinogenic constituents.
- Aroma Description: Cade Essential Oil smells smoky. It is similar to the aroma of burning wood or tar.
- Common Name(s): Juniper Tar, Prickly Juniper
- Botanical Family: Cupressaceae
- Botanical Genus: Juniperus
- Major Compounds: delta-Cadinene, Torreyol, Epicubenol, Zonarene, B-Caryophyllene
- Perfumery Note: Base
- Consistency: Medium-Thick
- Strength of Initial Aroma: Medium
- Color: Generally Light to Medium Brown
- Indigenous Country: Mediterranean region from Morocco and Portugal, north to southern France, east to westernmost Iran, and south to Lebanon and Israel
- Processing Methods: Steam Distillation and Rectification of the Crude Oil
- Part Typically Used: Wood
[LC] Least Concern
Benefits & Uses
May be benefitial for addressing the following ailments:
Cuts Dandruff Eczema Skin : Dermatitis Spots ( Acne )
Other Uses for Cade (Rectified):
Cade (Rectified) Blends:
Cautions & Safety
Cautions when using Cade (Rectified):
Due to the presence of a carcinogen known as Benzo[a]pyrene in crude (unrectified) Cade Oil, only oil that has been rectified to remove the carcinogenic compound(s) should be used. Tisserand and Young caution that there is a risk of toxicity even with the rectified oil. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 222-223.]
Safety Precautions for Cade (Rectified):
Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.
Contraindications of Cade (Rectified):
Cade essential oil is non-toxic and non-irritating, but is a possible skin sensitizer. Use in moderation.
Botanical Description of Cade (Rectified):
Dioecious tree to 46 ft (14 m), but usually a shrub of oval habit. Bark gray to brown-red. Needles in groups of three, sharp, up to 2 cm long; cross-section triangular; upper side with 2 distinct stomatal lines, lower side keeled. Fruit (cone) berry-like, red, spherical, about 10 mm in diameter; ripe in second year; usually with three seeds (Jovanoviæ 1986).
Cade (Rectified) Articles or Publications:
- PubMed: Side effects of cade oil in Morocco: an analysis of reports in the Moroccan herbal products database from 2004 to 2012.
- PubMed: Juniper tar (cade oil) poisoning in new born after a cutaneous application.
- PubMed: Juniper tar poisoning.
- PubMed: Final report on the safety assessment of Juniperus communis Extract, Juniperus oxycedrus Extract, Juniperus oxycedrus Tar, Juniperus phoenicea extract, and Juniperus virginiana Extract.