Allspice (Pimento Berry) Essential Oil (Pimenta dioica)
Allspice (Pimento Berry) Oil may also be referred to as Clove pepper, English spice, Jamaica pepper, Pimento, pepper, myrtle pepper, pimenta, Turkish Yenibahar, or newspic, Pimenta officinalis. It is typically processed in Caribbean Islands and South America using steam or hydro distillation as a method for extracting oil from the berries.
Allspice Essential Oil is also known as Pimento Berry Essential Oil. The warm, spicy aroma of Allspice Essential Oil is similar to that of clove and cinnamon essential oils. The high content of Eugenol is partly responsible for this similarity.
The rich, warm aroma of Allspice is reminiscent of fall, especially when combined with oils such as Sweet Orange, Clove Bud, or Cinnamon. Because of this rich, spicy scent, Allspice is often a favorite with men and can be used as a grounding scent for cologne. Allspice essential oil, also known as Pimento, is helpful in supporting healthy digestion and during times of seasonal illness. These wonderful properties make Allspice the perfect oil to have all year round. To learn more about our Allspice's uses and benefits, check out our Allspice essential oil spotlight blog post.
- Aroma Description:
- Common Name(s): Clove pepper, English spice, Jamaica pepper, Pimento, pepper, myrtle pepper, pimenta, Turkish Yenibahar, or newspic, Pimenta officinalis
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Synonyms(s) for Pimenta dioica: Caryophyllus pimenta, Eugenia pimenta, Eugenia pimenta var. longifolia, Eugenia pimenta var. ovalifolia, Eugenia tabasco, Evanesca crassifolia, Myrtus aromatica, Myrtus aromatica, Myrtus pimenta, Myrtus pimenta var. brevifolia, Myrtus pimenta var. longifolia, Myrtus piperita, Myrtus tabasco, Pimenta aromatica, Pimenta communis, Pimenta dioica var. tabasco, Pimenta officinalis, Pimenta officinalis var. cumanensis, Pimenta officinalis var. longifolia, Pimenta officinalis var. ovalifolia, Pimenta officinalis var. tabasco, Pimenta pimenta, Pimenta tabasco, Pimenta vulgaris, Pimenta vulgaris, Pimentus aromatica, Pimentus geminata, Pimentus vera
- Botanical Family: Myrtaceae
- Botanical Genus: Pimenta
- Chemical Family: Phenols, Sesquiterpenes
- Major Compounds: Eugenol, 1,8-Cineole, B-Caryophyllene, a-Caryophyllene, Methyleugenol, Gamma-Cadinenel, Caryophyllene oxide
- Perfumery Note: Middle
- Consistency: Thin
- Strength of Initial Aroma: Medium
- Color: Cocoa Brown
- Countries of Production: Caribbean Islands and South America
- Indigenous Country: Greater Antilles, southern Mexico, and Central America
- Cultivation: Wild Harvested
- Processing Methods: Steam or Hydro Distillation
- Part Typically Used: Berries
- Shelf Life: 6 years
- Ethically and sustainably sourced
- Wild Harvested
- Not recommended or safe if pregnant or nursing
- Not recommend or safe for children
Benefits & Uses
May be benefitial for addressing the following ailments:
Arthritis Bronchia Bronchitis Colds Coughs Flatulence Indigestion Insomnia Libido Stress
Therapeutic Benefits of Allspice (Pimento Berry) Oil:
Analgesic Anti-dontalgic Anti-oxidant Anti-septic Aphrodisiac Carminative Relaxant Rubefacient Stimulant Tonic
Allspice (Pimento Berry) Oil Blends:
Black Pepper Cinnamon Geranium Ginger Lavender Orange, Sweet Patchouli Ylang Ylang
Cautions & Safety
Cautions when using Allspice (Pimento Berry) Oil:
We recommend a maximum dilution of 0.3% for topical applications.
Numerous sources indicate that Allspice Oil can act as a mucous membrane irritant. Tisserand and Young recommend a dermal maximum of 0.15%. They indicate that it may interfere with blood clotting. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 393.]
This essential oil poses a higher risk of causing irritation and sensitization when used in the bath. Avoid using it in the bath, even if it is solubilized/diluted.
Safety Precautions for Allspice (Pimento Berry) Oil:
Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.
According to Tisserand & Young, Pimento Berry Essential Oil may (oral usage) inhibit blood clotting, cause drug interactions, cause skin & mucous membrane sensitization. Contraindications: May interact with pethidine, MAOIs or SSRIs, anticoagulant medication, major surgery, peptic ulcer, hemophilia & other bleeding disorders. Eugenol belongs to the Phenol chemical family. Phenols are potentially irritating components to the skin and mucous membranes, and they can cause dermatitis and sensitization. If phenols are present in high concentrations in the essential oil, the essential oil should be used in very low dilutions on the skin, diluted well in carrier oil, and only used for short periods of time. Phenol-high oils are skin irritating if used in a bath. Use in small amounts when blending phenol-rich oils for diffusing (no more than 10% of the pure essential oil blend). Phenol-rich oils should not be used on people with skin issues such as dermatitis, or on babies or children. Oils high in eugenol, thymol or carvacrol inhibits platelet aggregation, and are not to be used by people with blood clotting disorders, by people taking anticoagulant drugs such as aspirin or Warfarin, or before surgery. Suggested maximum topical use of eugenol is 0.5%. In small doses, eugenol can be liver-protective, however, in high concentrations, it is hepatotoxic and can cause tissue damage. Maximum dermal level 1.0% (based on 50.4% eugenol content with a dermal limit of 0.5%
Contraindications of Allspice (Pimento Berry) Oil:
This essential oil can cause irritation in the mucous membrane and skin if used in high concentrations or high dosages. Therefore, it should always be used in lower concentrations and low dosages.
Botanical Description of Allspice (Pimento Berry) Oil:
The pimento berry tree is classified as an evergreen shrub. This tree can reach 10–18 m (33–59 ft) in height. It can be a small, scrubby tree, quite similar to the bay laurel in size and form. It can also be a tall, canopy tree, sometimes grown to provide shade for coffee trees planted underneath it.
Traditional Folklore of Allspice (Pimento Berry) Oil:
The name 'allspice' was coined as early as 1621 by the English, who thought it combined the flavor of cinnamon, nutmeg, and clove.
Energetic, Spiritual, and Emotional Qualities
Energetics and Chakras Qualites of Allspice (Pimento Berry) Oil:
2nd Chakra - Relationships 5th Chakra - Speaking Truth Clarity Creation Energy Energizing Expansive Protective Purifying Uplifting
Allspice (Pimento Berry) Oil Articles or Publications:
- PubMed: Characterization and virulence of Beauveria bassiana associated with auger beetle (Sinoxylon anale) infesting allspice (Pimenta dioica).
- J-Stage: Polyphenolic Compounds in Clove and Pimento and Their Antioxidative Activities
- PubMed: Effect of selected spices on chemical and sensory markers in fortified rye-buckwheat cakes.
- PubMed: Effects of dietary allspice, Pimenta dioica powder on physiological responses of Oreochromis mossambicus under low pH stress.
- PubMed: Design of the extraction process for terpenes and other volatiles from allspice by solid-phase microextraction and hydrodistillation.
- PubMed: Leaf and fruit essential oil compositions of Pimenta guatemalensis (Myrtaceae) from Costa Rica.
- PubMed: Polyphenol-rich extract of Pimenta dioica berries (Allspice) kills breast cancer cells by autophagy and delays growth of triple negative breast cancer in athymic mice.
- PubMed: [Antiradical properties of essential oils and extracts from clove bud and pimento].
- PubMed: Spore prevalence and toxigenicity of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis isolates from U.S. retail spices.
- PubMed: Dietary Supplementation with Allspice Pimenta dioica Reduces the Occurrence of Streptococcal Disease during First Feeding of Mozambique Tilapia Fry.
- PubMed: Mechanisms of antiviral action of plant antimicrobials against murine norovirus.
- PubMed: Hannaella pagnoccae sp. nov., a tremellaceous yeast species isolated from plants and soil.
- PubMed: Optimization of green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from leaf extracts of Pimenta dioica (Allspice).
- PubMed: Inhibition of quorum sensing in Chromobacterium violaceum by Syzygium cumini L. and Pimenta dioica L.
- PubMed: Effect of plant secondary compounds on in vitro methane, ammonia production and ruminal protozoa population.
- PubMed: Ericifolin: a novel antitumor compound from allspice that silences androgen receptor in prostate cancer.
- PubMed: Medicinal properties of the Jamaican pepper plant Pimenta dioica and Allspice.
- PubMed: Fumigant toxicity of plant essential oils against Camptomyia corticalis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae).
- PubMed: Comparative chemical composition and in vitro antioxidant activities of essential oil isolated from the leaves of Cinnamomum tamala and Pimenta dioica.
- PubMed: Selective molecular sequestration with concurrent natural product functionalization and derivatization: from crude natural product extracts to a single natural product derivative in one step.
- PubMed: Polyphenolic compounds in clove and pimento and their antioxidative activities.
- PubMed: Composition and antioxidant activity of essential oil of pimento (Pimenta dioica (L) Merr.) from Jamaica.
- PubMed: Acaricidal effect and chemical composition of essential oils extracted from Cuminum cyminum, Pimenta dioica and Ocimum basilicum against the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae).
- PubMed: Inside the removal of lead(II) from aqueous solutions by De-Oiled Allspice Husk in batch and continuous processes.
- PubMed: Antibacterial effects of allspice, garlic, and oregano essential oils in tomato films determined by overlay and vapor-phase methods.
- PubMed: Effects of allspice, cinnamon, and clove bud essential oils in edible apple films on physical properties and antimicrobial activities.
- PubMed: Screening and analysis of spices with ability to suppress verocytotoxin production by Escherichia coli O157.
- PubMed: Fumigant antitermitic activity of plant essential oils and components from Ajowan ( Trachyspermum ammi ), Allspice ( Pimenta dioica ), caraway ( Carum carvi ), dill ( Anethum graveolens ), Geranium ( Pelargonium graveolens ), and Litsea ( Litsea cubeba ) oils against Japanese termite ( Reticulitermes speratus Kolbe).
- PubMed: Estrogenic effects of herbal medicines from Costa Rica used for the management of menopausal symptoms.
- PubMed: Inhibition of protein glycation by extracts of culinary herbs and spices.
- PubMed: Phenolic glycosides from berries of Pimenta dioica.
- PubMed: Anti-histone acetyltransferase activity from allspice extracts inhibits androgen receptor-dependent prostate cancer cell growth.
- PubMed: Anticancer and antioxidant tannins from Pimenta dioica leaves.
- PubMed: Nematicidal Activity of Plant Essential Oils and Components From Ajowan (Trachyspermum ammi), Allspice (Pimenta dioica) and Litsea (Litsea cubeba) Essential Oils Against Pine Wood Nematode (Bursaphelenchus Xylophilus).
- PubMed: Modulation of pregnane X receptor- and electrophile responsive element-mediated gene expression by dietary polyphenolic compounds.
- PubMed: Evaluation of NO-suppressing activity of several Mediterranean culinary spices.
- PubMed: Antimicrobial effects of selected plant essential oils on the growth of a Pseudomonas putida strain isolated from meat.
- PubMed: Probing the anti-hyperlipidemic efficacy of the allspice (Pimenta officinalis Lindl.) in rats fed with high fat diet.
- PubMed: Effects of flavorings, storage conditions, and storage time on survival of Staphylococcus aureus in Sürk cheese.
- PubMed: Antioxidative polyphenols from berries of Pimenta dioica.
- PubMed: [Antioxidants and oxidative stress].
- PubMed: Leuconostoc gelidum and Leuconostoc gasicomitatum strains dominated the lactic acid bacterium population associated with strong slime formation in an acetic-acid herring preserve.
- PubMed: Screening of antimutagenicity via antioxidant activity in Cuban medicinal plants.
- PubMed: Polyphenols from some foodstuffs as inhibitors of ovalbumin permeation through caco-2 cell monolayers.
- PubMed: Determination of antioxidant activity of herbs by ESR.
- PubMed: Several culinary and medicinal herbs are important sources of dietary antioxidants.
- PubMed: Antimicrobial effect of spices and herbs on Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri.
- PubMed: Bactericidal activities of plant essential oils and some of their isolated constituents against Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica.
- PubMed: Comparative study of the assay of Artemia salina L. and the estimate of the medium lethal dose (LD50 value) in mice, to determine oral acute toxicity of plant extracts.
- PubMed: Phenolic antioxidants from herbs and spices.
- PubMed: Hypotensive action of an aqueous extract of Pimenta dioica (Myrtaceae) in rats.
- PubMed: Stabilization of rapeseed oil with allspice, clove and nutmeg extracts.
- PubMed: [Neutralization of the hemorrhagic effect induced by Bothrops asper (Serpentes: Viperidae) venom with tropical plant extracts].
- PubMed: Galloylglucosides from berries of Pimenta dioica.
- PubMed: Insulin-like biological activity of culinary and medicinal plant aqueous extracts in vitro.
- PubMed: [Effects of acute and subacute administration of Pimenta dioica (Myrtaceae) extracts on normal and hypertensive albino rats].
- PubMed: Spice constituents scavenging free radicals and inhibiting pentosidine formation in a model system.
- PubMed: Cardiovascular effects of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Pimenta dioica in Sprague-Dawley rats.
- PubMed: Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from spices.
- PubMed: Microbiological screening method for indication of irradiation of spices and herbs: a BCR collaborative study.
- PubMed: Can sodium contents of foods be reduced by adding flavors? Studies with beef broth.
- PubMed: Sensitivity of heat-stressed yeasts to essential oils of plants.
- PubMed: Extraction of light filth from ground allspice: collaborative study.
- PubMed: Inhibitory effects of spices on growth and toxin production of toxigenic fungi.
- PubMed: The analysis of essential oils and extracts (oleoresins) from seasonings--a critical review.